The main cause of pigmentation is exposure to sunlight. Besides this, pigmentation is generally caused due to sun exposure, drug abuse, hormonal changes, Acne and use of unsuitable cosmetic products on your skin. It is also caused by rashes, genetics or different kinds of injuries. Sometimes pigmentation is also caused due to genetics or can simply appear as a birthmark. Pigmentation is a condition that causes discoloration of the skin. Contrary to popular belief it doesn't just darken your skin but can also make it appear unusual colours. It mostly occurs in small patches anywhere on the body, and in some severe cases can become very large and discomforting.
1.Chemical Peeling:A chemical peel applies chemical at mild concentrations to treat the discoloured portion of the skin. They reduce the appearance of pigmentation by removing the epidermis or upper layer of the skin and giving way to newer and better looking skin.
2.Dermabrasion: Dermabrasion treatments are known to give positive results for pigmentation issues. Dermabrasion works best for sun-damaged pigmentation as it uses a minimally abrasive instrument to cure your pigmentation.
3.Q-Switched treatment: Q-Switch Laser projects a transparent beam of light that specifically targets the dark pigment or discolourisation present on your skin without having any adverse effect on the unaffected skin.
What to expect
Chemical Peeling applies a chemical peel on your face to remove the epidermis(or top-most) layer of your skin, hence removing the pigmented skin along with it. Usually a chemical called Glycolic acid is applied on your skin to treat pigmentation.
Dermabrasion is a minimally abrasive procedure. During the treatment, the doctor moves a small motorised device across the skin with constant and minute pressure. This works in removing away the outermost layers of skin and bringing about the growth of new skin.
Under Q-Switched treatment the pigment absorbs the projected beam of light and gets dissipated, gradually vanishing from the skin. This results in your skin going back to its normal colour and even appearing smoother.
Chemical Peeling will require around 3-4 sessions that would takearound 4 months.
Dermabrasion requires multiple sessions for treating pigmentation, like almost 6-8 sessions.
Q-Switched requires 6-8 sessions which can be completed within a span of 8 months.
You will feel a slight burn on your skin after the Chemical Peeling treatment.
In Dermabrasion, you will only feel some slight pain but this will subside after a few weeks of treatment.
Some side effects to Q-Switched include some pain, erythema, edema, hypopigmentation and hyperpigmentation. These side effects are more likely to occur on people with darker skin tones