The scars caused by Acne can be due to inflammation of Acne, fidgeting of Acne pimples, plucking of Acne pimples, scratching and itching, etc. There are 3 types of Acne scars that are formed on the skin, namely Atrophic scars, Hypertrophic scars(Keloid) and Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Within Atrophic scars itself, there are three more types; Boxcar scars which are large, square shaped scars on the face, Icepick scars with are point-like and deep and take longer to treat, Rolling scars which have no specific shape and make the skin appear uneven. Coming to hypertrophic scars, they are raised lumps of thickened skin that can be just as big as the Acne that caused them. They are also called Keloids and can be destroyed using Laser treatment. The last type of Acne scars are Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, which are discoloured patches left by your Acne after it is healed. They are not as severe as the other types of scarring and usually disappear in due time. However, if there is still occurrence of these scars after a long time, appropriate treatment can get it fixed.
1.Laser Treatment: The process of using a Laser to remove Acne scars simply contains the penetration of Laser into the scar affected portions of the skin, which works in destroying the uppermost layer of skin and bringing about its replacement with newer, healthier skin.
2.Chemical Peeling: Under Chemical Peeling, a chemical solution is applied onto the scars to remove the topmost layer of skin and give way to newer and younger skin cells underneath. This considerably minimises the appearance of scar tissue, but the patient might have to come for repeated sessions for perfect results.
3.Dermabrasion: Dermabrasion is another technique we use at Manya Aesthetics that can help you get rid of Acne scars. This technique is reserved for patients with more severe scarring. The doctor uses a rotating brush-like device to remove the top layer of the scarred skin so that the scars appear much less noticeable.
What to expect
Laser treatment is usually non-invasive and will not result in any type of injury or scarring. It is a quick process and perhaps the most certified way to permanently get rid of Acne scars.
Chemical Peeling can have a slight irritation on your skin in the initial stage of the process, but will eventually subside to show positive results. The chemical solutions used will not only work in erasing Acne scars but also revitalizing the skin to make it glow naturally.
Dermabrasion isn’t for everyone, your doctor might advise you against it if you have any of the following conditions like cystic Acne, skin damage caused by radiation from earlier procedures or family history of ridged areas(i.e. overgrowth of keloid scars). In procedures like skin needling and punch excision, a slight bit of pain is expected, however, the pain usually subsides after 30 minutes or so.
Laser treatment will require 3-4 sessions and can be done over a time of 2 months. You will start to notice the difference within a week of the first treatment itself.
Chemical Peeling will require many sessions as it is a longer procedure. Ideally 5-6 sessions will give you positive results. This can be done over 3 months.
A Dermabrasion procedure lasts about half an hour, and multiple treatment sessions will be required. 8-10 sessions with a gap of 30 days are ideal for Acne scar removal through Dermabrasion.
Normally, there are few side effects when you use Laser treatment for the removal of Acne scars, like slight swelling and redness. You might also experience a little bit of pain during the actual treatment process, but this is rare and will only occur on very sensitive skin types. Also, in order to get superb results, repeated sessions may be required as the Acne scars are sometimes known to reappear.
Chemical Peeling’s side effects include faint scarring that can sometimes be permanent. Some side effects also include infection of the treated area, permanent or temporary change in skin colour and temporary itchiness.
Side effects to Dermabrasion are rare but not unlikely to occur. They include; temporary or permanent darkening of the skin especially if you go out in the sun quickly after the treatment, scarring or swell, and Acne flare-up in people who already have Acne prone skin. But these flare ups are temporary and will go off after a few days.